Vista Primary Care

Obesity and Weight ManagementVista, CA

Obesity is one of the most common diseases in the United States today. It can affect children and adults alike, with serious health consequences. Weight management is one of the primary ways of treating obesity.

Obesity and weight management are available at A Personal Physician in Vista and the surrounding area. When it comes to your health, you should never delay in getting the treatment you need. Call us today at (760) 940-7000 to schedule an appointment or learn more about our services. Contact us for next appointment.

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Understanding Obesity

Obesity is a complex health condition in which the affected individual has too much body fat. It is crucial to note that people who are obese are not the same as people who are merely overweight. Excess weight may come from body water, bone, fat, and muscle. In contrast, people who are obese take in more calories than they burn off.

This condition has a gradual onset, and each individual has their own unique balance between calories-in and calories-out. Many factors can affect a person’s weight, including genetics, dietary habits, activity levels, and more. As mentioned earlier, obesity is extremely common — affecting 42.4% of all Americans in 2017 and 2018.

Causes of Obesity

A common criticism of the modern American diet is that it is too high in calories. Today’s fast-paced lifestyles make it extraordinarily easy for individuals to rely on fast food and high-calorie beverages. These empty calories make it easier for people to eat in excess before feeling full, feel hungry sooner, and “stress eat.”

Specific populations are also at higher risk of obesity than others. Genetic makeup is a significant risk factor, as it affects how much fat the body can store, how it will distribute it, and more. Obesity also tends to run in families because families tend to have similar eating habits and lifestyle choices. Some diseases and medications may also lead to weight gain that patients must counter with increased physical activity. Other vulnerable populations include pregnant women, those with less muscle mass, smokers, those who are sleep-deprived, those with high stress levels, and those with imbalanced gut flora.

Complications of Obesity

In addition to suffering unnecessary strain on their bones and internal organs, patients with a high ratio of body fat to muscle have higher rates of inflammation in the body. This puts them at a heightened risk for cancer. Obesity also dramatically increases one’s risk of contracting type 2 diabetes, and it is associated with multiple other health complications. Some of these include:

  • Arthritis
  • Certain cancers (breast, colon, and endometrial)
  • Fatty liver disease
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure

It is essential to note that the above list is not exhaustive and that individuals experience obesity differently. In any case, reducing excess weight is often critical in optimizing overall physical health. We can help determine the best weight management plan for each of our patients.

Diagnosing Obesity

To diagnose obesity, Dr. Brar will typically examine a patient’s medical history and conduct a thorough physical exam to confirm that they have a high body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference. He may also run other necessary tests to rule out other conditions that could cause weight gain.

In children, a high BMI is usually anything at or above the 95th percentile. Adults are considered obese when they have a BMI of 30 or higher. However, BMI is only one factor to consider. Dr. Brar will also ask the patient about their dietary habits, lifestyle, and family history. He will also examine the patient to determine whether they have any other risk factors. The physical exam may involve measuring the waist circumference, and blood tests and pelvic ultrasounds may be necessary to identify other medical conditions.

Treating Obesity

Weight management is critical in treating (and sometimes even curing) obesity. Lowering one’s weight can help them better control their blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol, and it can also help prevent various weight-related diseases. Individuals must be careful not to overeat or remain too physically inactive, as these are the two primary risk factors for obesity. Weight maintenance relies on eating and burning the same amount of calories, and weight loss relies on an individual burning more calories than they consume.

Individuals who have extreme obesity may also benefit from weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery. This option is typically best for those who have tried and failed to lose weight through diet and exercise or have severe health conditions caused by obesity. While many individuals see immediate results after surgery, it is still crucial for patients to keep a good diet and exercise routine, lest they regain weight. However, with continued medical supervision, many individuals can keep off most of the weight for the rest of their lives.

Call Us Today

Obesity is a severe health condition that can negatively impact multiple aspects of your life. We at A Personal Physician can help. Call us today at (760) 940-7000 to schedule an appointment or learn more about our services. Contact us for next appointment.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between obesity and morbid obesity?

Typically, anyone with a BMI of 30 or over is considered to be obese. In contrast, those with a BMI of at least 40 are considered to be morbidly obese. These individuals are also usually at least 100 pounds over their recommended weight.

Can weight loss medication help treat my obesity?

Yes, but such medications must be used as a supplement to a healthy lifestyle. In other words, they are no replacement for a well-balanced diet and regular exercise. We can help determine if prescription weight loss medication is right for you.

How can I prevent obesity?

Obesity is a complex problem that requires complex solutions. In general, however, a healthy lifestyle is the best obesity deterrent. This means eating a balanced diet, reducing “screen time,” only eating when hungry, partaking in regular physical activity, and more. We can help determine the best prevention methods for you.

Will I have to change my medications after weight loss surgery?

As each patient is different, the answer varies on a case-by-case basis. Some conditions improve or even resolve themselves after weight loss surgery. As such, you may need to decrease or even discontinue some of your medications.

Will I have to diet before weight loss surgery?

Probably. Some insurance companies require you to complete a weight loss program before you can qualify for bariatric surgery. Many surgeons also want patients to complete a pre-operative diet a few weeks before the surgery to help shrink the liver and reduce fat in the abdomen. This process makes the procedure safer.

Contact Us

A Personal Physician is located at
1926 Via Centre Ste A
Vista, CA
92081

(760) 940-7000